Free Trade Agreements Pakistan

Finally, we found that Pakistan`s largest export was more towards non-agricultural products. The new trade policy will focus on reducing investment deficits to create an export surplus, integrating the gender dimension and streamlining tariffs, and proposing measures to increase services exports to improve export competitiveness and diversify markets and products. Also check the terms of free trade agreements to gain better market access for the country`s products. Linnemann H (1966) An econometric study on international trade flows. NorthHolland, Amsterdam Campi M, Dueas M (2019) Intellectual property rights, trade agreements and international trade. Res Policy 48 (3):531-545 X (2000) International Trade and Environment Legislation: Time Surveys and Cross-Trials. About Resour Econ 17 (3): 233-257 Today, national policies are more protectionist in a competitive world. States prefer to protect themselves from increasingly unfair international competition, particularly in developing countries, by imposing taxes on international companies, which encourages domestic production and imposes restrictive measures. These laws and measures are sometimes reinforced by a strict environmental policy, especially in industrialized countries.

The results of this study suggest that stricter environmental policies reduce international competitiveness (Xu 2000). Strict environmental policies have a significant impact on foreign trade and thus reduce Pakistan`s trade flows. Table 4 shows the results of the decline in the impact of trade data on imports. Unlike the export model, columns (3) and (4) show a positive and significant effect of these variables on imports. The sign of COSTj is positive and statistically significant at the level of 1%, while the sign of a free trade agreement is positive and statistically significant at 10% of the level. The results of Table 4 of the control variables indicate that GPDj, POPj, DISTij and CB are statistically significant determinants of the import model. Pentti (1963) Towards a general theory of international trade. Economiska Samfundets Tidskrift 16:69-77 Describes the bilateral and multilateral trade agreements to which that country belongs, including with the United States. Includes websites and other resources that allow U.S. companies to get more information about how they can use these agreements. The results of Tables 3 and 4 on trade policy variables indicate that the signs of coefficients are opposite in both models.

In other words, if the coefficient is positive in one, it is negative in the other, and if it is significant in one, in the other, it is not.

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